The Catcher inside the Rye, a novel authored by J. Deb. Salinger is a story of a unique however troubled boy named Holden Caulfield. Salinger masterfully depicts the story's protagonist being a well round character who feels the entire range of thoughts. Holden is consumed by the desire to are in a world where he can perform the leading man and encompass himself with love and acceptance. Holden's need for appreciate and that belong, however , produces an irony because it provokes an intense repulsion to world that shoves Holden additional away from achieving a sense of belonging.
While in several ways Holden epitomizes the average teenager, he is also exceptionally exclusive and displays maturity further than his years. According to Granville Hicks, Salinger depicts a character that expresses adolescent rebellion using the quintessential speech of Americans in the Twenties. At times, however , Holden's voice is one of sophistication and his conversation is familiar for its distinct style (502). Regardless of Holden's sophistication, this individual does not apply his brains and flunks out of Pencey. Inside the first chapter of the book, Holden's history teacher knows that Holden has the ability to of much a lot more than failure. He tells Holden, " I'd like to put some perception into that head of yours, boy. I'm aiming to help youвЂќ (Salinger 14). Nevertheless, Arthur Heiserman and James Electronic. Miller, Jr. state that Holden is preoccupied by his inordinate desire to become a leading man and conserve good culture from the problem he means phoniness. Inside Holden is a desire to participate in a world filled with only take pleasure in " to get Holden adores the world more than world can bearвЂќ (497. ) However for Holden, the world does not have any room for his landscapes and is still unchanged regardless of how hard this individual wishes preserve himself by harsh realities.
Throughout The Catcher in the Rye, Holden offers difficulty identifying with people and his image of the earth is damaged as a result. Privitera says Holden's " efforts to connect with any unoriginal kid his age cause abject failureвЂќ (204). These kinds of experiences irritate Holden and are also the cause of his diminishing social interest. This individual has misplaced any emotions of companionship and thus comes with an increasingly difficult time empathizing with others. Besides he start to distance him self from contemporary society, but he also overgeneralizes and makes a preconceived notion that culture will still reject him (Irving 87). Because Holden feels continuously rejected, he equates his inability to relate to others to an incompetence in contemporary society as a whole. Holden speaks in absolutes if he says, " people always ruin thingsвЂќ (Salinger 37). Instead of seeking to change himself, Holden blames society as well as the world overall for his friendless living. This causes him to endure his life with a prejudiced image of globe and instead of seeing everything that encompasses the fact of contemporary society, he only sees the negative factors. A view worldwide such as this is usually haunting to Holden and instills inside him a deep-seated inside conflict.
Psychologist Abraham Maslow's humanistic ideas can be used to assess the presence of internal issue. Gardener Murphy and Frederick K. Kovach proclaim that Maslow made up a hierarchy of demands that shows an individual's interior conflicts and stops said person from achieving the top level--self actualization (426). In addition they state that Maslow's theories symbolized a new mindset from the viewpoint that each living person is a vessel of potential achievement (302). Furthermore, the theory of a hierarchy of needs retains the idea that every person has within just them a dire need to establish a goal and eventually self-actualize. Maslow says, " If you deliberately intend on being below you are equipped for being, i quickly warn you that you'll be miserable for the rest of your lifeвЂќ (" Abraham MaslowвЂќ). In other words, an individual who has the probability of reach a high level on the hierarchy of needs, but is unable to do so, will suffer the resulting internal conflicts.
Offered: " Abraham Maslow. " BrainyQuote. com. Xplore Inc, 2010. a couple of June. 2010.
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Hicks, Granville. " J. G. Salinger: Hunt for Wisdom. вЂќ The Sat Review 1959: 13. Rpt. in Modern day Literary Criticism. Ed. Dedria Bryfonski. Volume. 12. Of detroit: Gale, 80. 502-03.
Irving, Joanne. " The Heurter in the Rye: An Adlerian Interpretation. вЂќ Journal of Individual Mindset. 1976: 81-93. EBSCOhost..
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Privitera, Lisa. " Holden's Irony in Salinger's The Catcher inside the Rye. вЂќ The Explicator. 2008: 203-206. EBSCOhost..
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Strauch, Carl F. " Kings in the Back Line: Meaning through Structure--A Examining of Salinger's The Heurter in the Rye. вЂќ Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literary works 1961: 5-30. Rpt. in Contemporary Fictional Criticism. Education. Dedria Bryfonski. Vol. doze. Detroit: Gale, 1980. 505-510.